Helix Technologies Conveyor Design Chute Design Pipe Networks
New Network License versions of Helix delta-T6 Conveyor program added to portfolio including DEM Chute Design and Pulley Shaft Design programs

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Helix Technologies Pty Ltd
ABN 67 269 614 528
PO Box 610, Morley WA 6943
22 Donna St, Morley WA 6062
Perth, Australia
tel +61 8 9275 0635
Conveyor Design, Conveyor Dynamic Analysis, Belt Conveyors, DEM Chute Design, Discrete Element Method Transfer Chute Design, Particle Flow, Pipe Network Analysis, Piping System Design, Pump Selection Software, Pulleys, Vee Drives. transportador, correia, roletes.

Helix delta-T6 Dynamic Analysis


A new version of the program which has full Dynamic Analysis capabilities has been available in Helix delta-T since 2003.
This version calculates the transient belt Tensions and Velocities during starting and stopping of a conveyor. It can model the conveyor belt transient behaviour during Starting Fully Loaded, Starting Empty, Stopping Fully Loaded and Stopping Empty.

This new version of the program which has full Dynamic Analysis capabilities is essential for designing high powered conveyors and long overland conveyors. The Dynamic analysis version includes the Standard and Professional versions of the software.

The program allows the user to input any number of Drives or Brakes and allows for input of Drive Torque / Speed curves, Delay times, Braking Torques, Flywheels and inertia effects. After the Dynamic Calculations have been performed, the user can view and Print two dimensional and surface plot three dimensional graphs for Belt Tensions, Belt Velocities, Strain rates and Takeup movement versus time step for all points along the conveyor.

The Dynamic calculation process uses sophisticated Variable Step Runge Kutta method integrators for solving the complex differential equations. All the numerical analysis is compiled into the program and it does not require any other software to perform the calculations or display graphs etc. It also allows flexible, easy to use boundary condition specification by the user.

Helix delta-T uses a Finite Element model of the conveyor to perform the dynamic analysis. The conveyor is broken up into segments, and for each segment, we use a Kelvin solid model, which is a spring in parallel with a viscoelastic element, as shown below:

Kelvin Solid Model

Delta-T6_Dyn_Kelvin.jpg (23263 bytes)

Conveyor Model Diagram

The conveyor model created and captured in the normal delta-T program is automatically broken up into segments in the Dynamic Calculation process. The program already knows the geometry of each section of conveyor, as well as the idler spacing, rotating masses, resistances, inertias, drive power and location, takeup mass and the equivalent mass of each element in the conveyor. The Dynamic calculation breaks the standard conveyor sections into smaller segments. The designer can specify the maximum segment length to be used.

Delta-T6_Dyn_Formula01.jpg (10152 bytes)

Delta-T uses the Finite Element method of dynamic analysis.
Once the conveyor is segmented, the moving mass, length etc. of each segment is known. The Tension force acting on segment i at time t is given by the sum of the spring and viscoelastic Tension forces, Ts and Tv respectively. At each time step of say 0.1 seconds, the rate of change of velocity, combined with the strain on each conveyor segment is calculated. The peripheral force at the drive pulleys is the motivating force. The main conveyor resistances, represented by the Coulomb friction factor f, which is a function of instantaneous belt tension and belt sag at the segment under consideration, are taken into account. All idler roller rotating masses and pulley, drive and brake inertias are included in the acceleration and tension calculations. The Drive Torque or Velocity is input graphically, and the resulting Belt Tensions, strains and belt Velocities are output for each time step and for each point along the conveyor. These values are presented graphically for ease of interpretation.

Graphs of the dynamic analysis can be viewed and printed for the following:


Conveyor Loading

Graph of

2 Dimension Graphs

3 Dimension Graphs

Starting Fully Loaded Empty Fully Loaded Empty
Braking Fully Loaded Empty Fully Loaded Empty
Coasting Fully Loaded Empty Fully Loaded Empty
Takeup Travel Fully Loaded Empty Fully Loaded Empty

The Dynamic Calculations are easy use to use and Engineers who have static conveyor design experience can perform these complex dynamic simulations using this very powerful software.

  • Easily model the belt transient tensions and velocities during Starting and Stopping of conveyors.

  • Add Torque Control or Speed Control on drive acceleration.

  • Add Delay times for multiple drives for Dynamic Tuning

  • Add Flywheels to pulleys to optimise starting and stopping

  • Add Brakes to pulleys as required.

  • Calculate Dynamic Runback forces and size holdbacks for dynamic loads    

  • View the movement of the Takeup pulley during Starting and Stopping

  • Predict the maximum Transient Belt Tensions at any point along the conveyor as well as the timing of these transients.

  • Compare the Dynamic Calculations results with the rigid body static calculations in the delta-T5.

  • Predict the magnitude of transient loads on conveyor structures.

  • Calculate the torque loadings on gearboxes, holbacks and couplings during starting and stopping. Eliminate conditions which may cause costly equipment failures.

  • Perform Dynamic Tuning by changing the start delay times on different drives

  • Helix delta-T allows the designer to control the starting of a conveyor by means of
    • Torque Speed Control - Starting
    • Speed Time Control - Starting
    • Constant Torque Brake - Stopping
    • Speed Time Curve Control - Stopping

Sample of Belt Velocity Graph for conveyor starting

Sample Belt Tension Graphs for conveyor starting full

Takeup Travel Graph

Example of Dynamic Analysis - conveyor stopping loaded

Belt Velocities

Belt Tensions

Note Tension rise as conveyor comes to rest and holdback locks up.

The program will automatically calculate the belt tensions in the system, select a suitable belt from the database, calculate the pulley and shaft sizes required, select a suitable electric motor, fluid coupling and gearbox from the databases, calculate the idler shaft deflections and bearing life and then present the full conveyor design in reports which can be viewed, printed or exported to Word for Windows, Excel, PDF files and other applications.  

Belt tensions can be viewed graphically, and the Calc section provides useful procedures for calculating discharge trajectories, hoper pull-out forces, vertical curve radii, horizontal curve banking angles and belt drift, trough transitions distances and other frequently performed routines. Context sensitive on screen Help will guide you through the operating procedures and provide the formulae used in the calculations.

You can also create and view a 3D model of the conveyor. The program also allows you to dynamically calculate vertical and Horizontal curve geometry for the conveyor. In addition, delta-T provides an in-depth analysis of conveyor belt tensions under different operating conditions such as running fully loaded, running empty, starting fully loaded, starting empty, braking fully loaded, braking empty and coasting. A new sketch facility allows users to sketch the conveyor profile and enter data in tabular format.


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